> 72 > Preparing the Pipeline: The U.S. Cyber Workforce for the Future

David J. Kay, Terry J. Pudas, Brett Young
Preparing the Pipeline: The U.S. Cyber Workforce for the Future


11 2012
In 2008, the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative listed expanded cyber education as one of its key recommendations. In 2009, the Partnership for Public Service produced a report stating that the current pipeline of cybersecurity workers into the government was inadequate.1 In the same year, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates stated that the military was desperately short of people who have the capabilities [to operate in cyberspace].2 And in 2011, the Inspector General of the Federal Bureau of Investigation reported that 35 percent of the special agents investigating national security cyber-intrusion cases lacked necessary training and technical skills.3 Nonetheless, the U.S. Government and private sector still seek to increase their online operations and dependency in spite of these shortcomings. An expert at the Atlantic Council of the United States sums up this problem: cyber workforce management efforts resemble a Ferris wheel: the wheel turns on and on . . . we move, but around and around, never forward.