> 3, 2010 > Raw Materials of Biofuels

Raw Materials of Biofuels


05 2011
First generation (fully commercialized technologies)

Raw Material

Use

Corn, sugar cane, molasses and sorghum

Ethanol

Soybeans and other vegetable oils, recycled grease, beef tallow

Biodiesel

Second generation (emerging biofuel technologies)

Raw Material

Use

Agricultural residue, including corn stover, wheat and rice straw, manure and  bagasse (residue from sugarcane and sorghum stalks)

Methane, cellulosic ethanol, power plant

Forest biomass, including logging residues, wood

Cellulosic ethanol and power plant

Urban woody waste and landfills

Methane, cellulosic ethanol, power plant

Herbaceous plants, including switchgrass, miscanthus, reed canary grass, sweet sorghum, alfalfa

Cellulosic ethanol, power plant

Short rotation woody crops, including willow, hybrid poplar, cottonwood pines, sycamore pines, eucalyptus

Cellulosic ethanol, power plant

Information derived fromThe Economics of Biomass Feedstocks in the United States:
A Review of the Literature” by the Biomass Research and Development Board.

(This is a product of the Bureau of International Information Programs, U.S. Department of State. Web site: http://www.america.gov)