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07 2016

(, ) —
,
; Email: vlaks@mail.ru

. , , , . , , , -.

Vladislav Benovich Aksenov (Moscow, Russia) —
PhD in Historical Sciences,
Senior Researcher at the Institute of the Russian History
of the Russian Academy of Sciences;
Email: vlaks@mail.ru

FROM THE MOTHERLAND AS TSARINA TO THE MOTHERLAND AS BABA:
DEVELOPMENT OF THE FEMININE ALLEGORIES OF RUSSIA IN THE WORLD WAR

I The article deals with development of Russia’s female allegories in the time of World War I in the context of modernization of gender relations in Russian society. The author demonstrates that the image of Russian peasant-woman, baba, became a symbol of Russian revolt during the Russian revolution of 1905- 1907. In the time of World War I this image served as an allegory of Russia, being in competition with both abstract modernist female images and image of Russia as a tsarina. The author makes suggestion that the image of baba, symbolizing active, fertile female type, later contributed to the creation of visualizing Motherland in the Soviet culture.