> 13, 2013 > Appendix B. Overview of National and International Response

Appendix B. Overview of National and International Response


27 2013

The United States has various policies and programs aimed at countering terrorism domestically and overseas. Engaged in the fight against terrorism is the U.S. Counterterrorism Team composed of the White House; the Departments of State, Defense, Treasury, Justice, and Homeland Security; Central Intelligence Agency; Office of the Director for National Intelligence; National Counterterrorism Center; and U.S. Agency for International Development. With regard to U.S. efforts overseas, the Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism (S/CT) coordinates and supports the development and implementation of all U.S. Government policies and programs. The mission of the office is to develop and lead worldwide efforts to combat terrorism using all the instruments of statecraft: diplomacy, economic power, intelligence, law enforcement, and military. The guiding principles are formulated in the National Strategy for Combating Terrorism (2003): defeat terrorists and their organizations; deny sponsorship, support, and sanctuary to terrorists; diminish the underlying conditions that terrorists seek to exploit; and defend U.S. citizens and interests at home and abroad. Strategically, the S/CT aims at applying all elements of national power in conjunction with international partners, allies, and like-minded nonstate actors. It aims at building trusted networks that undermine, marginalize, and isolate the enemy as well as at finding alternatives to extremism. The strategy further attacks the terrorist enemy’s three-part “threat complex”: leadership, safe havens (physical safe havens, cyber safe havens, and ideological safe havens), and underlying conditions which terrorists exploit. It responds on four levels (global, regional, national, and local) over an extended timeframe to isolate the threat, defeat the isolated threat, and prevent its reemergence in the long run