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5. Fixers, Super Fixers, and Shadow Facilitators: How Networks Connect

The multibillion-dollar illicit trade of commodities (from cocaine to blood diamonds, weapons, and human beings) has many complexities, from creating or extracting the product, to moving the product to international markets, to delivering payments. The return cycle is equally complex including the types of payments used to acquire the commodities, from cash to weapons and other goods, the seller may need. This cycle relies on a specific group of individuals who act as facilitators in connecting different facets of the criminal and/ or terrorist networks of state and nonstate actors. This chapter addresses this crucial role of a cohort of actors —“fixers,” “super fixers,” and “shadow facilitators”— in empowering social networks that operate within illicit commodity chains

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ConvergenceДоклад Комиссии «Круглого стола 12 декабря»
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