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10. How Illicit Networks Impact Sovereignty

This chapter examines the problématique of illicit networks and transnational crime’s impact on sovereignty.1 Transnational criminal organizations (TCOs) and gangs challenge states and sovereignty in a variety of ways. These include eroding state solvency through corruption, subtle co-option of state officials and institutions, direct assault on state functions, and in the worst case, state capture or failure under the threat of criminal challengers. Rarely do criminal enterprises totally supplant states; rather they change the nature of state functioning. This chapter looks at how gangs and TCOs influence state change at local, state, federal, and transnational levels. It specifically examines networked TCOs and transnational gangs in Mexico and Latin America to gauge the current and emerging threats to state functions, and the reconfiguration of power within states

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ConvergenceДоклад Комиссии «Круглого стола 12 декабря»
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