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PRO ET CONTRA

ЗА И ПРОТИВ

The Fifth Meeting of the Intellectual Club “The Free Though”

What Occurred in Ukraine and What Can Happen There

The Fifth session of the Intellectual Club of the magazine “Sovobodnaya Mysl” was dedicated to the analysis of the

contemporary situation in Ukraine. The participants of the discussion were economists Mikhail Delyagin, Daisuke

Kotegawa (Japan), Mikhail Khazin, political scientists Alexander Nagorny, Sergei Markov, Andrei Sorokin, Semion

Uralov (Ukraine), Analoly Baranov and some others. The participant presented and augmented their opinions about

the Ukrainian crisis and discussed perspectives of the development of the contemporary Ukraine.

Key words:

Ukraine, political crisis, economic crisis, aggressive nationalism, Nazism, dictatorship, party “Svoboda” (Ukraine),

Russia, People’s Republic of Donetsk, People’s Republic of Lugansk

 

TERRA INCOGNITA

НЕИЗВЕДАННАЯЗЕМЛЯ

Andrei Malgin

«This Acquisition is Important…» Reunification of Crimea

in Years 1783 and 2014: Historical Parallels

The author of the article tries to find analogies between the incorporation of Crimea into the Russian Empire in 1783

and the events of 2014, when the peninsula was integrated to Russian Federation. He is sure, that these analogies were

not accidental facts, and that these phenomena have a deep historical foundations. The author argues that history can

repeat itself and that is very important to hear its voice.

Key words:

Crimea, Russia, Turkey, Catherine the Great, Russian-Turkish wars, USA, Great Britain, France, historical parallels, sense

of history

Pyotr Alexandrov-Derkachenko

Ukraine in Collapse

The final part of the article is devoted to analyze the key period of the Ukrainian state history, from 1917 to our times.

The main phases of development of ideology and practice of Ukrainian nationalism are investigated. The author

emphasizes, that the triumph of Nationalist ideas inevitably will be concluded by tragedy of Ukrainian peoples.

Key words:

Ukraine, history, nationalism, national movement, rusophobia, Russia, Mikhail Gorbachov, Leonid Kravchuk, Mikhail

Hrushevskyj

Vladimir Degoev

Georgia Could not to Exist.

About the Treaty of Georgievsk of 1783

The article is dedicated to the history of the treaty of Georgievsk of 1783, made between Russian Empire and Eastern

Georgia and to historical consequences of this act. Russia tried to enforce its political and military positions in Southern

Caucasus, and Eastern Georgia wanted to reach domination in the region. But this Georgian activity was resisted by Iran

and principalities of Dagestan. The consequence was a dramatic defeat of Georgia by Persian army in 1795, when the

Georgian state was about completely destructed.

Key words:

Russia, Georgia, Dagestan, Iran, Southern Caucasus, treaty of Georgievsk, foreign policy, regional empire, Georgian

state, military raid

 

STATUS RERUM

ПОЛОЖЕНИЕДЕЛ

Vladimir Avatkov

Neoosmanism. Basic Ideology and Geostrategy

of the Contemporary Turkey

The article is dedicated to analyze the problem of neoosmanism, the ideological doctrine, which received official

character in contemporary Turkey, governed by moderate Islamists. As distinct from secular nationalism of Atatu_rk, the

neoosmanism is orientated to the imperial past of the country, but prefers methods of soft power.

Key words:

neoosmanism, ideology, Turkey, foreign policy, foreign-policy ideology, geostrategy, pan-turkism, neo-pan-turkism,

eurasianism

 

THEATRUM MUNDI

МИРОВАЯАРЕНА

Lyudmila Diakova

Chilean Model of Development.

Democracy and Authoritarianism

The article is dedicated to analyze the problem of specialities of political development of Chile from the end of the 20th

to the beginning of the 21st centuries. The author analyzes democratic political culture and a special part of the army

in national politics. The regime of A. Pinochet is described as a model of cruel modernization, which constructed the

economical basis of national development, but created some great unhealthy political and social contradictions.

Key words:

Chile, S. Allende, A. Pinochet, dictatorship, authoritarianism, neo-liberalism, M. Bachilet, political development,

democracy, modernization, Latin America

Emil Dabagyan

Brasil: Anatomy of Protests.

When Power is Behind the Society

The article is dedicated to analyze the strong protests, which took place in Brasil in June 2013. Are discussed the causes

and the possible consequences of these protests and explained the demands of the demonstrators. Is appreciated the

position of national power, which understood the demonstrating young protestants and gave its positive answers to the

protest activity. The author prognoses the perspectives of political protests development.

Key words:

youth, creative middle class, power, football, Dilma Rouseff, Lula, parlament, Supreme Court, Workers’ Party of Brasil,

experts

 

PRO MEMORIA

ДЛЯПАМЯТИ

Vitaly Averianov

Russian Artel. Unclaimed Experience:

From the Past to the Future

The article presents results of the fundamental investigation of Russian artel as the social, economic and cultural

phenomenon. The author shows the reflection of specific features of Russian civilization in artel partnerships.

Moreother artel activity combined characteristics of the team with deep individuality of sharers.

Key words:

artel, Russia, solidarity, social synergy, cooperation, team, association

Arseny Zamostyanov

Name of Victory is “Suvorov

The author analyzes the causes, which explain the prominent part of Alexander Suvorov (1729–1800) in Russian history

and the fact, that the Suvorov’s name became a synonym of Victory. Are emphasized the Suvorov’s qualities like courage,

patriotism, respect to a simple soldier, great military talent.

Key words:

Alexander Suvorov, Name of Victory, Russian Empire, 18th century, Russian Turkish wars, Grigory Potemkin, Fedor

Ushakov, Catherina the Great, Novorossiya, battle of Kinburun

 

MARGINALIA

ЗАМЕТКИНАПОЛЯХ

Andrey Fursov, Kirill Fursov

“Party of the God” in the Battle for the Might

The article reviews the contents of two analytical studies devoted to the history, structure and global-scale activities

of the Lebanese “Hezbollah” party. The part of Iran and Syria in the process of appearance and evolution of the party

is emphasized. The influence of “Hezbollah” grew, when Palestinian secular oppositional organizations were in crisis

in the 1970th. The peculiarities of political programs, tactics and strategy of “Hezbollah” are analyzed. The authors

demonstrate, that the party tries to present itself like a “respectable” political fourth, but in practice is an international

terrorist organization first of all.

Key words:

“Hezbollah”, Middle East, Lebanon, Iran, Israel, Palestine, Islamic fundamentalism, Shia Islam, terrorism

Leonid Levin

Politicians as Military Leaders

The article is dedicated to analyze causes, because of which the leaders of the “Big Three” excelled the governors of Nazy

Germany, Italy and Japan in the sphere of military leading. The author concludes, that the main cause of the United

Nations’ victory was non only the concentration of military experience, but in the same time the capability to hear and

to take their professional generals’ opinions into consideration. Is argued that the rejection of aggressive state’s leaders

to take professional opinions into consideration was an initial point of the military defeats of “Axis” countries

Key words:

military art, strategy, military leading, Second World War, Stalin, Churchill, Roosevelt, Hitler, United Nations,

Stalingrad

Vladimir Sapon

“Only Agreements Between Citizens are Allowed”.

A. A. Karelin on the State and its Anarchist-Communist Alternative

The author of the article analyzes political and legal ideas of the prominent Russian anarchist Apollon Karelin; the

object of the analysis are Karelin’s works “The State and the Anarchists” (1918) and “What is Anarchy” (1923). The

first of them represented the critical review of the role of the State in social life, and also contents the polemic with

statesmen of various ideological currents; the latter in-cluded the description of anti-statist social alternative.

Key words:

the State and its Anarchist Alternative, the Anarchist-Communist doctrine, A. A. Karelin

 

ARS LONGA

ИСКУССТВОВЕЧНО

Irina Monakhova

Different Opinions, But the Same Heart.

Some Episodes of Polemics Between “Zapadniki” and “Slavofils”:

Vissarion Belinsky and Konstantin Aksakov

The article is dedicated to analyze the part of the great Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko in Russian and Ukrainian

The article is dedicated to analyze some aspect of Vissarion Belinsky’s and Konstantin Aksakov’s ideas in the context

of polemics between Russian “slavofils” and westernizers (“zapadniki”). The author demonstrates some new arguments

to support the famous idea of Alexander Herzen, who wrote about the indissolubility of main liberal ideas of “slavofils”

and “zapadniki”.

Key words:

Russia, Russian history, 19th century, “slavofils”, Russian westernizers (“zapadniki”), liberalism, political thought,

Vissarion Belinsky, Konstantin Aksakov, Alexander Herzen

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