PRO ET CONTRA
ЗА И ПРОТИВ
The Fifth Meeting of the Intellectual Club “The Free Though”
What Occurred in Ukraine and What Can Happen There
The Fifth session of the Intellectual Club of the magazine “Sovobodnaya Mysl” was dedicated to the analysis of the
contemporary situation in Ukraine. The participants of the discussion were economists Mikhail Delyagin, Daisuke
Kotegawa (Japan), Mikhail Khazin, political scientists Alexander Nagorny, Sergei Markov, Andrei Sorokin, Semion
Uralov (Ukraine), Analoly Baranov and some others. The participant presented and augmented their opinions about
the Ukrainian crisis and discussed perspectives of the development of the contemporary Ukraine.
Ukraine, political crisis, economic crisis, aggressive nationalism, Nazism, dictatorship, party “Svoboda” (Ukraine),
Russia, People’s Republic of Donetsk, People’s Republic of Lugansk
«This Acquisition is Important…» Reunification of Crimea
in Years 1783 and 2014: Historical Parallels
The author of the article tries to find analogies between the incorporation of Crimea into the Russian Empire in 1783
and the events of 2014, when the peninsula was integrated to Russian Federation. He is sure, that these analogies were
not accidental facts, and that these phenomena have a deep historical foundations. The author argues that history can
repeat itself and that is very important to hear its voice.
Crimea, Russia, Turkey, Catherine the Great, Russian-Turkish wars, USA, Great Britain, France, historical parallels, sense
Ukraine in Collapse
The final part of the article is devoted to analyze the key period of the Ukrainian state history, from 1917 to our times.
The main phases of development of ideology and practice of Ukrainian nationalism are investigated. The author
emphasizes, that the triumph of Nationalist ideas inevitably will be concluded by tragedy of Ukrainian peoples.
Ukraine, history, nationalism, national movement, rusophobia, Russia, Mikhail Gorbachov, Leonid Kravchuk, Mikhail
Georgia Could not to Exist.
About the Treaty of Georgievsk of 1783
The article is dedicated to the history of the treaty of Georgievsk of 1783, made between Russian Empire and Eastern
Georgia and to historical consequences of this act. Russia tried to enforce its political and military positions in Southern
Caucasus, and Eastern Georgia wanted to reach domination in the region. But this Georgian activity was resisted by Iran
and principalities of Dagestan. The consequence was a dramatic defeat of Georgia by Persian army in 1795, when the
Georgian state was about completely destructed.
Russia, Georgia, Dagestan, Iran, Southern Caucasus, treaty of Georgievsk, foreign policy, regional empire, Georgian
state, military raid
Neoosmanism. Basic Ideology and Geostrategy
of the Contemporary Turkey
The article is dedicated to analyze the problem of neoosmanism, the ideological doctrine, which received official
character in contemporary Turkey, governed by moderate Islamists. As distinct from secular nationalism of Atatu_rk, the
neoosmanism is orientated to the imperial past of the country, but prefers methods of soft power.
neoosmanism, ideology, Turkey, foreign policy, foreign-policy ideology, geostrategy, pan-turkism, neo-pan-turkism,
Chilean Model of Development.
Democracy and Authoritarianism
The article is dedicated to analyze the problem of specialities of political development of Chile from the end of the 20th
to the beginning of the 21st centuries. The author analyzes democratic political culture and a special part of the army
in national politics. The regime of A. Pinochet is described as a model of cruel modernization, which constructed the
economical basis of national development, but created some great unhealthy political and social contradictions.
Chile, S. Allende, A. Pinochet, dictatorship, authoritarianism, neo-liberalism, M. Bachilet, political development,
democracy, modernization, Latin America
Brasil: Anatomy of Protests.
When Power is Behind the Society
The article is dedicated to analyze the strong protests, which took place in Brasil in June 2013. Are discussed the causes
and the possible consequences of these protests and explained the demands of the demonstrators. Is appreciated the
position of national power, which understood the demonstrating young protestants and gave its positive answers to the
protest activity. The author prognoses the perspectives of political protests development.
youth, creative middle class, power, football, Dilma Rouseff, Lula, parlament, Supreme Court, Workers’ Party of Brasil,
Russian Artel. Unclaimed Experience:
From the Past to the Future
The article presents results of the fundamental investigation of Russian artel as the social, economic and cultural
phenomenon. The author shows the reflection of specific features of Russian civilization in artel partnerships.
Moreother artel activity combined characteristics of the team with deep individuality of sharers.
artel, Russia, solidarity, social synergy, cooperation, team, association
Name of Victory is “Suvorov
The author analyzes the causes, which explain the prominent part of Alexander Suvorov (1729–1800) in Russian history
and the fact, that the Suvorov’s name became a synonym of Victory. Are emphasized the Suvorov’s qualities like courage,
patriotism, respect to a simple soldier, great military talent.
Alexander Suvorov, Name of Victory, Russian Empire, 18th century, Russian Turkish wars, Grigory Potemkin, Fedor
Ushakov, Catherina the Great, Novorossiya, battle of Kinburun
Andrey Fursov, Kirill Fursov
“Party of the God” in the Battle for the Might
The article reviews the contents of two analytical studies devoted to the history, structure and global-scale activities
of the Lebanese “Hezbollah” party. The part of Iran and Syria in the process of appearance and evolution of the party
is emphasized. The influence of “Hezbollah” grew, when Palestinian secular oppositional organizations were in crisis
in the 1970th. The peculiarities of political programs, tactics and strategy of “Hezbollah” are analyzed. The authors
demonstrate, that the party tries to present itself like a “respectable” political fourth, but in practice is an international
terrorist organization first of all.
“Hezbollah”, Middle East, Lebanon, Iran, Israel, Palestine, Islamic fundamentalism, Shia Islam, terrorism
Politicians as Military Leaders
The article is dedicated to analyze causes, because of which the leaders of the “Big Three” excelled the governors of Nazy
Germany, Italy and Japan in the sphere of military leading. The author concludes, that the main cause of the United
Nations’ victory was non only the concentration of military experience, but in the same time the capability to hear and
to take their professional generals’ opinions into consideration. Is argued that the rejection of aggressive state’s leaders
to take professional opinions into consideration was an initial point of the military defeats of “Axis” countries
military art, strategy, military leading, Second World War, Stalin, Churchill, Roosevelt, Hitler, United Nations,
“Only Agreements Between Citizens are Allowed”.
A. A. Karelin on the State and its Anarchist-Communist Alternative
The author of the article analyzes political and legal ideas of the prominent Russian anarchist Apollon Karelin; the
object of the analysis are Karelin’s works “The State and the Anarchists” (1918) and “What is Anarchy” (1923). The
first of them represented the critical review of the role of the State in social life, and also contents the polemic with
statesmen of various ideological currents; the latter in-cluded the description of anti-statist social alternative.
the State and its Anarchist Alternative, the Anarchist-Communist doctrine, A. A. Karelin
Different Opinions, But the Same Heart.
Some Episodes of Polemics Between “Zapadniki” and “Slavofils”:
Vissarion Belinsky and Konstantin Aksakov
The article is dedicated to analyze the part of the great Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko in Russian and Ukrainian
The article is dedicated to analyze some aspect of Vissarion Belinsky’s and Konstantin Aksakov’s ideas in the context
of polemics between Russian “slavofils” and westernizers (“zapadniki”). The author demonstrates some new arguments
to support the famous idea of Alexander Herzen, who wrote about the indissolubility of main liberal ideas of “slavofils”
Russia, Russian history, 19th century, “slavofils”, Russian westernizers (“zapadniki”), liberalism, political thought,
Vissarion Belinsky, Konstantin Aksakov, Alexander Herzen