Другие журналы на сайте ИНТЕЛРОС

Журнальный клуб Интелрос » Антропологический форум » №28, 2016

Сергей Абашин
Молитва о дожде в советской
Просмотров: 562

Сергей Николаевич Абашин

Европейский университет в Санкт-Петербурге

s-abashin@mail.ru

История секуляризации в ХХ в. часто описывается как процесс вытеснения религии из социально-политической сферы и ограничения ее частными, периферийными и маргинальными пространствами. В этой статье я исследую, как ислам выжил в наиболее антирелигиозном обществе ХХ в., каким был СССР. Я утверждаю, что даже в этом сильно контролируемом обществе имелось определенное признание религии, встроенное в административные структуры и модели поведения. Опираясь на этнографическую интерпретацию ряда мусульманских ритуалов, которые я наблюдал в Средней Азии в 1989–1991 гг., я описываю способы, с помощью которых религиозные идентичности и практики получали легитимность при советской власти, и инструменты, которые позволяли вести двойную игру обнаружения и скрытия «мусульманскости».

 

A Prayer for Rain in Soviet Central Asia
(Muslim Practices in the Atheist State)

Sergey Abashin
European University at St.Petersburg
Gagarinskaya str. 3, St.Petersburg
s-abashin@mail.ru

The history of secularisation in the twentieth century is often described as the process of “driving religion out” of the social and political domain, and confining it to private, peripheral, and marginalized spaces. In this article, I explore how Islam fared in what was the most explicitly anti-religious society in the twentieth century, namely, the USSR. I argue that even in this extremely controlled society, there was a certain recognition of religion built into the administrative structures and patterns of behaviour. Drawing on ethnographic interpretation of a number of Muslim rituals that I observed in Central Asia from 1989–1991, I illustrate the ways in which religious identities and practices were legitimised under the Soviet regime, and the tools that made it possible to play the double game of revealing and concealing Muslimness. I argue against the attempt to essentialise Sovietness and Muslimness and against the explicit or implicit desire to define them comprehensively, draw precise demarcation lines between “Soviet” and “non-Soviet”, or “Muslim” and “non-Muslim”, and counterpose one against the other. We are able to see the different ways in which Muslimness can informally exist in the public sphere and merge with Soviet ideological rhetoric, as well as the double game in which various actors engage in their desire to retain, or make use of, particular identities and attributes. This approach does not deny the fact that there were repression and persecution campaigns against the religion, nor does it deny the fact that secular practices and convictions were widespread; it forces us, however, to avoid the simplistic, deterministic, and straightforward manner of writing about the recent Soviet past and post-Soviet present.



Другие статьи автора: Абашин Сергей

Архив журнала
№34, 2017№28, 2016№27, 2015№25, 2015№24, 2015№23, 2014№22, 2014№21, 2014№19, 2013№18, 2013№17, 2012№16, 2012№15, 2011№14, 2011№13, 2010№12, 2010№10, 2010№11, 2009№9, 2009№8, 2008
Поддержите нас
Журналы клуба