An abstract indeterminbistic computability
This paper shows a range of fundamental limitations inherent to any process realized in a standard theory of deterministic computability that significantly hamper its application to an analysis of philosophical problems concerning time-flow phenomena. Here a method based on a non-standard generalization of a computability concept is proposed that allows an adequate investigation of such philosophical problems. This goal is achieved by means of rejecting determinism in computational processes.
The bifurcation the nature of economic crisis’s and social disasters
Ideas of synergetic began to get into social and economic sciences from the end of 80th years. Being engaged in studying of processes of self-organizing in systems of the various nature, researchers could not bypass the party such important object of studying as a society. Moreover, for many scientists became obvious, that the future of mankind all in a greater degree is defined not so much by a high level of development of techniques, how many sociological конструктами. Basically, behind small exception, authors of the first work in the field of social synergetic there were physicists and mathematicians. By means of specific toolkit of synergetic - allocation of parameters of the order, construction of nonlinear mathematical models, statements of computing experiment - have been received results, which else it is necessary to comprehend to social scientists and which, somewhat, can change and a technique of economic researches. Why economists address to synergetic? The synergetic, first of all, has enormous value as the point of view on events which occur in the world, differing from traditional determinative a sight which dominated over a science since times of Newton. Differently, the synergetic is useful as means of interpretation of scientific data in a new foreshortening. It allows to notice and estimate that, probably, remains outside of a field of vision by traditional consideration.
Petar Bojanić To institute, to primally institute [stiften, urstiften]
Husserl’s first readers and translators in France. A possible origin of continental philosophy
This paper deals with the significance of Husserl’s phenomenological Investigations on (primal) Institution and Institutionalization (besides the verbs stiften and urstiften or gestiftet, Husserl uses German Stiftung, Urstiftung, Nachstiftung and Endstiftung) in founding the Continental Philosophy. We suggest that the importance of Husserl’s unknown strategies lay in his unpublished manuscripts which his French readers, starting with Levinas, studied thoroughly. Stiftung/Urstiftung is involved in thinking the Institution of the Philosophy structured as a thinking of
Europe, thinking of mankind [Menschheit] and thinking of Intersubjectivity.
Music therapy as a method of social rehabilitation
The features of music therapy as method of social rehabilitation are presented in this article. Modern foreign and Russian music therapy methods which can be used in social rehabilitation are also discussed here.
«Newjаdidism», «Euroislam», «Tatar islam» in the postSoviet Russia: To the question of terms
In the article the various points of view of domestic researchers (Baltanova G., Bashirov L., Ganytdin R., Malashenko A., Muhametshin R., Khakimov R., Khаsаnоv M.) concerning folding in the postSoviet Russian state of «euroislam», «newjаdidism», «Tatar islam», its specificities - orientation to the West, preservation of moral bases of an islam, etc. are analyzed.
Space and illness in medieval medicine
The article is devoted to analytics of the understanding of illnesses experience in Medieval Society. First of all, it considers daily perception of indispositions and medical methods of their treatment. The medieval medicine, estimating illness as consequence of sins, didn’t use rational therapy, and developed as the social ritual of control for liminal conditions.
Empiricism and Science
The author argues the thesis of improvement of intuition from the point of view of mysticism. In him mind, such an experience can be proved neither from mystical outlook nor from the point of view of positive facts. Mystical experience is the only one, which could not be proved in all its forms and derivatives. The author analyzes improvement of sensual and supersensual intuition in some philosophical researchers by St. Paul, F. Bacon, J. Lock, D. Hume, W. James, A. Stökl, and others.
I.Y Nikolaeva, O.N.Muhin, A.Y.Solomein
Psycho-Social and Cultural Symbol of Authority Mythologems: Comparative-Historical Contex of their Occurence
This article analyses mythological and symbolic reflections of Authority characterizing European and Russian traditions. Comparative analysis is made with the use of Medieval and the carly period of Modern Age materials. Methodology of study is distinguished by its method of analysing of the effects of different levels of Sociocultural existence and thier interaction: from Psychological structures of Unconcions, that is through Habitus attitudes, till Ideological concept of the historical epochs investigated.
Distribution of Subjectivity
The article envisages dialectically both independent and dependent self-consciousness according to ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’ by Hegel. It considers this Gestalt as to social adaptation of modern philosophy in works by Lacan, Ricoeur, Foucault, Gadamer. The author compares social structures built as hierarchy, synarchy or anarchy where he emphasizes ‘intimate’ and ‘public’ spheres concerning Master and Slave. This clears the situation of enslavement within illusionary liberation from self-contained framework of reference. Some opposite interpretations of Hegel’s and Freud’s discourse given by Lacan and Ricoeur are quoted in the context of interaction between phenomenology and psychoanalysis. A problem of initiation at discursive context proves that hermeneutics is needful for description of practical and theoretical approaches. Both intending and determinative reflections specify existence conditions in loveless world. They create a lacuna in the centre of Hegel’s text for additional ‘conflict resolutions’.
A. E. Petrossyan
Totalitarianism:The poverty of messianizm
The author shows how messianic project of rearrangement of society implemented by state degenerates into totalitarianism and binds like a strait-jacket the people’s initiative and spontaneous activity. That results for its part in total bureaucratization corroding all the instruments of public administration. Thereby messianic state encouraged once with lofty ideals takes care now not of them but of self-preservation which turns ultimately into only and all-absorbing ideal.
A.U.Pidjakov, F.N. Reshezkiy, Sh.B. Bajramov
Political Violence: the Essence and the Meaning of the Category
The authors of the article summarize the different approaches towards interpretation of the meaning of Political Violence Category and their evolution since the end of the XIX Century till nowadays. Different points of views concerning the essence of Political Violence are compared.
Creativity as a cultural phenomenon
The author’s reflections about nature of creative process and its role in cultural evolution are represented in the article. Introjection-projection dynamic creative mechanism being a base of creativity as well as doubt being a nature of deconstruction-reconstruction tendency in creative evolution are considered. Nature of creativity in postmodern and its resources are analyzed.
On problem of gnoseoecological distance in education
Author focuses on methodological potential of Heidegger’s ontology for education and considers the hypothesis about the role of empathy as a major condition of gnoseoecological distance for process understanding the World on the way to Being-here (Dasein).
About the prospects of modern philosophy
Crisis situation in contemporary philosophy consist in domination of relativism and pluralism. The author sees the solution this problem situation in synthesis of positive moments of philosophy development. It is necessary for successful function of philosophy as basis of world out-look. The author attempt construct philosophy of development harmony as basis of contemporary world out-look illustrates this way.
Prophet Moses is example of equally but differently admitted authority
The author considers Freud’s work "The man Moses and the monotheistic religion" / "Der Mann Moses und die monotheistische Religion(нем.оригинал.)" in the article.In the focus of attention is riding of Freud’s psychoanalytical conception about mechanism of generation of authority from the positions of sociology of knowledge.The author of the article suggests to check Freud’s conception of Moses by the actual layer of biblical theology.