Before analysing cultural studies in Lithuania we should answer to the question what cultural studies are, i.e. what kind of research we consider as cultural studies. On the one hand, we can reconstruct the reflections on culture in the history of philosophy since Socrates (or even since PreSocratics). The first difficulty we encounter is the cultural concept that should be not confused with the definition of culture. Although every cultural research explicitly or at least implicitly presupposes a certain definition of culture, the cultural concept refers to a certain way of thinking.